React Native vs Angular: Which Open-Source Platform You Should Choose
History of React vs. Angular
Both Frameworks are available under the MIT license.
The architecture of React vs. Angular
Framework vs. Library
Angular provides the following “out of the box”:
Templates, based on an extended version of HTML
Ajax requests by @angular/HTTP
Routing, provided by @angular/router
Component CSS encapsulation
Utilities for unit-testing components.
@angular/forms for building forms
React provides the following “out of the box”:
No dependency injection
Fetch for Ajax requests
Utilities for unit-testing components
Some popular libraries to add functionality are:
React-router for routing
Redux or MobX for state management
Enzyme for additional testing utilities
Components architecture with Both Tools
Both frameworks have component-based architectures. That means that an app consists of modular, cohesive, and reusable components that are combined to build user interfaces. Component-based architecture is considered to be more maintainable than other architectures used in web development.
Regular DOM vs. Virtual Dom
React’s use of a virtual DOM is one of its features that makes it so blazingly fast. You’ve probably heard of it. Let me give you an example scenario:
Let’s say that you want to update a user’s age within a block of HTML tags. A virtual DOM only looks at the differences between the previous and current HTML and changes the part that is required to be updated. Git employs a similar method, which distinguishes the changes in a file.
Conversely, Angular opted to use a regular DOM.
Templates — JSX or HTML
Conversion Full of Bugs
Many bugs may reveal themselves when the HTML code is converted to the native code. In most cases, fixing it is problematic and time-consuming. The difficulties arise because React Native was created for iOS development, so some specific knowledge is required when dealing with complications.
DOM: Real vs. Virtual
Document Object Model (DOM) is a programming interface for HTML, XHTML, or XML documents, organized in the form of a tree that enables scripts to dynamically interact with the content.
There are two types of DOMs: virtual and real. Traditional or real DOM(Document Object Model) updates the whole tree structure, even if the changes take place in one element, while the virtual DOM is a representation mapped to a real DOM that tracks changes and updates only specific elements without affecting the other parts of the whole tree.
React uses a virtual DOM, while Angular operates on a real DOM and uses change detection to find which components need updates.
While the virtual DOM(Document Object Model) is considered to be faster than real DOM manipulations, the current implementations of change detection in Angular make both approaches compare in terms of performance.
Angular Framework has a steep learning curve when compared to React. The Google Angular IO framework offers multiple ways to solve a particular problem, has a complex component management system, as well as demands familiarity with different concepts and languages like templates, pipes, dependency injection, RxJS, TypeScript, etc.
Besides, the framework is developing constantly — making it necessary for the developers to look into what’s new in the Angular ecosystem and upgrade their skills accordingly.
Mobile Application Size and Performance:
Angular Has a Slight Advantage
AngularJS Framework is famous for its low performance when you deal with complex and dynamic applications. Due to the virtual DOM, React apps perform faster than AngularJS applications of the same size.
The recent updates to Angular made the competition between the two even tenser as Angular no longer falls short in terms of speed or app size.
Pre-Built UI Design Elements:
Angular Material vs. Community-Backed Components
Angular Framework’s. The Material Design of Angular Framework language is increasingly popular in web applications. So, some engineers may benefit from having the Material toolset out of the box. Angular has pre-built material design components. Angular Framerwok’s Material has a range of them that implement common interaction patterns: form controls, navigation, layout, buttons and indicators, pop-ups and modules, and data tables. The presence of pre-built elements makes configuring user-interface much faster.
HUGE companies are utilizing both React and Angular. I’m talking about some of the biggest in the world. Here is just a small sample:
- General Motors
React Native vs Native Scripts: The Main Differences
The research on who would win the race led us to reveal the following differences:
React Native uses only React JS for the development, meanwhile, Native Script employs AngularJS. According to the experience in the defined field, the React Native vs Angular-friendly framework choice can be simplified.
React Native provides the user experience that is as close to native as ever possible, and React Native applications show top performance. Rendering slows down a NativeScript application. Furthermore, in some cases, the large size of the application influences performance negatively.
Extensions and Community
Both tools have strong dedicated communities, but the difference is obvious. React Native is created by Facebook, one of the leading IT companies nowadays. The creators and the whole community extend the React Native functionality with different plugins every day.
NativeScript is an open-source as well, but its development is not so rapid. The number of plugins is lower, and some of them did not even pass the proper verification.
To put it in numbers, we decided to demonstrate the GitHub statistics:
React Native: more than 1600 contributors;
NativeScript: 109 contributors at the moment.
Evidently, the React Native community is larger and more developed.
Which Framework Should You Choose For Your Mobile App Development
Author Bio: I am a React Native App Developers at Tech Pathway, a top-notch mobile app development company to provide Open Source Development Services all around the globe. We use all the latest technologies to make a perfect mobile app for our clients. Platforms that we use to develop an app are React, Angular, Flutter, Ionic, NodeJS, Bootstrap and many more.